Autism and mental retardation essay example

Differential diagnosis between autism and intellectual disability

There should be notable difficulty in communication, home living, self-direction, work or safety. Other children may appear oblivious to loud noise or people calling them, but may be fascinated by the faint ticking of a wristwatch or the sound of crumpling paper. Advocates for people with mental disabilities protested and boycotted Tropic Thunder stating that the movie was demeaning, insulting, and hurtful. Research has demonstrated that parents wish to be given as much information as early as possible and to be treated as the people primarily responsible for their child Why, do some parents appear so relaxed and comfortable with what life has handed them while others are clearly depressed? The IQ score of people suffering from this disorder ranges from percent. And given the reduced empirical validation of the ICD and DSM-IV criteria, the definition of the condition is likely to change as new and more rigorous studies emerge in the near future. Researchers have identified four possible neurological explanations: over arousal of the reticular system, dysfunction of the limbic system, left hemisphere dysfunction and perceptual inconstancy associated with brain stem dysfunction Society For The Autistically Handicapped , Howlin P. Children with autism may be acutely sensitive to sounds hyperacusis , e. He started a shrimping company, from a single boat and it turned into a multi-million dollar company. As a result, a person with a below-average intelligence quotient BAIQ may not be considered mentally retarded. Children may also pick the skin, pull the hair, bang their chests, or hit themselves. At present, new information on how to live with FXS are discovered daily.

According to this hypothesis, when the person with autism is a girl, she would more likely to be severely cognitively impaired. Many areas of cognitive functioning are often preserved, and sometimes individuals with these conditions exhibit surprising if not prodigious skills.

definition of mental retardation according to who

Autism and Asperger Syndrome. His hand flapping behavior is usually preceding a self-injurious behavior or an act of injurious behavior towards another person. Frith CD, Frith U. They are neurodevelopmental in nature and have impact on basic and early-emerging brain mechanisms of sociability.

Autism and mental retardation essay example

List the criteria for a diagnosis of mental retardation: People with mental retardation are well below average in both intelligence and adaptive abilities. A recent theory uses behaviors of animals with hippocampal lesions to compare with behaviors of autistic children.

Causes of mental retardation

Psychotropic drugs and certain vitamins have at times aided when joined with other approaches. What forms of treatment are helpful for a person with autism? Parents may report that the child insists that they engage in activities in very particular ways. What are the main types of biological causes of mental retardation? Thus humor and sarcasm may be the source of confusion as the person with autism may fail to appreciate the speaker's communicative intent, resulting in an overly literal interpretation of the utterance. I will have to look into the reason for this. Respite care often with other families has been found to be an important resource for families of children with MR, particularly if the primary caregiver has some underlying distress Interestingly individuals represent a disproportionate majority of all "savant" persons. Although this is just my theory, it has been shown that there is evidence of genetics playing a part in the cause of autism.

Theoretical causes, such as neurological and genetic, may prove to be a link to the true cause of the disability.

Translational research into more efficacious treatment, if not prevention, will then hopefully follow.

intellectual disability and its relationship to autism spectrum disorders

Thus humor and sarcasm may be the source of confusion as the person with autism may fail to appreciate the speaker's communicative intent, resulting in an overly literal interpretation of the utterance.

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Autism and Asperger syndrome: an overview