Women in classical athens

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Religious rituals reserved for young girls probably had the most significant impact on young unmarried women. The primary role of free women in classical Athens was to marry and bear children. Dutton,as published online in Perseus Digital Library, ed.

Gregory R. Perhaps the most famous female religious role was the aged Pythia oracle at Delphi who interpreted the proclamations of Apollo.

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Related Topics. New York: Oxford University Press, Each year in Athens, four young women were selected to serve the priestess of Athena Polias and weave the sacred peplos robe which would adorn the cult statue of the goddess.

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Priestesses were necessary to conduct and organize the over annual religious events that occurred yearly in Athens. Lamia was a celebrated courtesan who was known for her lavish parties and quick wit.

Ancient greece athenian women

Furthermore, their roles in Athenian society are often difficult for historians today to discern. Therefore send away the wife that you have, seeing that she bears you no children, and wed another. David Cohen writes, "One of the most important activities of women included visiting or helping friends or relatives", [88] and even wealthy women who could afford to spend their entire lives indoors probably interacted socially with other women outside in addition to the religious and ritual occasions when they were seen in public. Aphrodite, Hera, Hestia, and Hekate were also powerful goddesses, intensely honored and greatly admired by women and men alike. Whether women could attend theatre performances or not is still disputed amongst scholars. These included hetaera, pornoi, poor women, and slaves. Women were expected to be faithful to their husbands, but the reverse was not the case as husbands could freely engage the services of prostitutes, live-in lovers, and courtesans. Rich families could provide much larger dowries; Demosthenes ' sister, for instance, had a dowry of two talents minae. Some contraception methods were available but not readily accessible to most women. It was also the responsibility of women to visit the tombs of family members. In addition to childbearing, the weaving of fabric and managing the household were the principal responsibilities of a Greek woman. However, during any occasion outside of the house, a young woman was expected to be inconspicuous and to be covered around the head to obscure most of her face and neck.

The rights of metic women were closer to those of metic men.

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Women in Ancient Greece